Middle to upper elementary and above
- Critical reading/thinking skills
- Monitor comprehension
- Explain the difference between fact and opinion and give examples.
- Starting with the examples, ask the students what clues are in the text that can alert the reader to whether it is a fact or an opinion.
- Have students add other clues from their own experiences.
- Discuss why it is important to distinguish fact from opinion.
- Show the students a list of statements that they will evaluate as fact or opinion.
- If the statement is fact, students determine where they can find information to verify it (e.g., encyclopedias, dictionaries, textbooks, newspapers, internet).
- Students write their proof by the statement.
- Work with the students for the first three to four statements.
- Ask students to circle the clues in each statement.
- Students complete the rest of the statements independently, in small groups, or in pairs.
- For a supplement to this activity, copy paragraphs out of the students’ textbooks. Have the students work in pairs to underline opinion statements in red and factual statements in blue.
- After completing the task, the students discuss their responses.